Climatic Types Affecting Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao Islands 62 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT 64 GLOSSARY OF TERMS 67 REFERENCES Soil conservation farming to arrest land degradation, BSWM-JICA Strip mining is a type of surface mining where the overlying vegetation, rock, and soil (overburden) is removed in order to reach the underlying coal seam, which usually lies a few feet beneath the surface. It is a serious environmental problem. Moreover, money for logging supported candidates during election campaigns.” In the past, forest resources helped fuel the country’s economy. Soil degradation is the decline in soil condition caused by its improper use or poor management, usually for agricultural, industrial or urban purposes. Soil degradation will impact two … Soil erosion appears to be the most widespread process of soil degradation and is also the most studied. erosion and land degradation have occurred), but the Philippines has a comparatively favorable soil base for a country in the humid tropics. In the 1970s, Philippines was touted the prima donna among world timber exporters. Forest land currently covers ≈25.5% of total land; total degraded lands in the Philippines are estimated at 132,275km2, affecting over 33 million Filipinos. Efforts in the Philippines to sustain its local food and other development requirements are affected by land degradation brought about by inadequate land use policies, inappropriate land use and farming technologies, inadequate extension systems, and global trading and economic partnerships. Relevant Legislations Addressing the Underlying Factors Causing Massive Land Degradation in the Philippines 60 ANNEX 2. The effects of intensive logging is the loss of natural habitat, heavy floods, less oxygen, decline of rural areas, loss of soil fertility, decline of agricultural productivity and etc. The forest land has around 2.9 M ha; 3.6 M ha. (Briones, 2009) GENEVA, 30 August 2013 - UNISDR Champion, Senator Loren Legarda, today announced she is proposing new legislation to tackle the problem of land degradation in the Philippines which is one of the most disaster-prone countries in the world. Land degradation, exacerbating climate change and biodiversity loss makes adaptation imperative. The paper reviews the available information on soil degradation which is a major agricultural and environmental problem in the Philippines. Here are 3 possible reasons towards LAND DEGRADATION in the Philippines: Intensive Logging; Is the constant cutting of trees without planting new ones. Some even sold their rights to the forest concessions and lived off the green of the land. Land Degradation (LD) Trends: Land Degradation Neutrality Target Setting Program (LDN -TSP) – UNCCD; About 11.13 M ha or 37% were mapped as having negative trends with respect to the three indicators. They lived in the big cities. 5 Land Cover Change of the Philippines 3 6 6 Land Degradation Trends in Terms of Land Cover and Land Productivity Dynamics 3 7 7 Soil Organic Carbon Map of the Philippines 3 8 8 Positive trends on Land Degradation Neutrality in the Philippines 3 8 9 A Synopsis of LDN trends based on LDN -TSP outputs 4 … Land degradation in the Philippines is likewise seen as a serious environmental problem. Agricultural practices and economic pressures have severely degraded the agricultural resource base, causing accelerated soil erosion, siltation of irrigation systems, flooding, and water pollution (Briones 2005). The are in shrub land/grasslands; 4.4 M ha are in the crop land category and 169,276 are in wetlands. 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