Thus, rural households engage in to different livelihood diversification activities to ensure their food needs and secure their future livelihoods. Southern Ethiopia Bayisa Bussa *, Kotola Feleke Department of Natural Resources Management, Bule Hora University, Bule Hora, Ethiopia Email address: *Corresponding author To cite this article: Bayisa Bussa, Kotola Feleke. In Ethiopia, farm households engage and pursue diverse off-farm and non-farm livelihood activities to cope with diverse challenges such as drought. Introduction A rural area may be viewed from, or mean different thing to different people, depending on the country and level of development. Rural livelihood diversification is then defined as ‘the process by which households construct a diverse portfolio of activities and social support capabilities for survival and in order to improve their standard of living’ (see also Ellis, 1998; Ellis, forthcoming). Although some NTFPs do play a role in rural livelihood strategies and can contribute to sustained forested landscapes in various tropical forest areas, there is no uniform picture as regards the actual importance of NTFPs to rural livelihoods. Urban households are more likely than rural households to use improved sanitation (16% versus 4%). Belay Zerga. Any Ethiopian or foreign national lawfully in Ethiopia has the right to liberty of movement and freedom to choose residence, engage freely in economic activity and to pursue a livelihood of their choice anywhere within the national territory. 36 Full PDFs related to this paper. They have also Lack of access to sufficient fixed and working capital which is a major constraint to undertake high-return non-farm activities. This programme aims to explore the alternative routes to sustainable livelihoods pursued by rural people in contrasting agro-ecological settings in four countries: Bangladesh, Mali, Ethiopia and Zimbabwe. Over the past decade, Ethiopia has achieved double-digit economic growth, making it one of the best-performing . 4 . A short summary of this paper. Land grabbing and its implications on rural livelihoods 26 5.1. 2 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The contents of this document are derived mainly from “Ethiopia’s Agriculture Sector Policy and Investment Framework: … Analysis of Eucalyptus Role in the Livelihoods of Ethiopian Rural Households Analysis of Eucalyptus Role in the Livelihoods of Ethiopian Rural Households 1Eyob Bezabeh, *2Baye Belay, 3Fitsum Daniel 1,2,3Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research. rural people in. Rural households’ livelihood assets, strategies and outcomes in drought-prone areas of the Amhara Region, Ethiopia: Case Study in Lay Gaint District. In this paper, we review several recently completed case studies on forest and NTFP use, notably by scholars based in the Netherlands. In rural areas particularly, the multi-faceted nature of agricultural livelihoods, the dynamism of contexts, temporality, and the element of human agency responding to and acting on accessible capital assets make it challenging to generalize which livelihood strategies generate the best outcomes for human well-being. Only 6% of households in Ethiopia use improved sanitation. Livelihoods-based Drought Response in Ethiopia: Impact Assessment of Livestock Feed Supplementation Gezu Bekele and Tsehay Abera August 2008 . Specifically, we analyze the effects of small-scale tree plantations on livelihood capitals and associated outcomes on rural households located in watershed areas in the highlands of north-western Ethiopia. Generally, the study showed that rural households in the study Tabias have diversified incomes engaged in diversified activities importantly nonfarm livelihood diversification‟s a result the livelihood of the rural household have been changed. Muluneh Abshare. MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT ETHIOPIA’S AGRICULTURAL SECTOR POLICY AND INVESTMENT FRAMEWORK (PIF) 2010-2020 FINAL REPORT MARCH 2011 . Resilience and Livelihoods Change in Tigray, Ethiopia Bapu Vaitla,1 Girmay Tesfay,2 Megan Rounseville,1 Daniel Maxwell1 October 2012 1 Feinstein International Center, Tufts University, 114 Curtis Street, Somerville MA, USA 2 Department of Natural Resources Economics and Management, College of Dryland Agriculture and Natural Resources, Mekelle University, P.O. We believe that this is the first study to perform a careful assessment of land access and livelihood strategies of rural youth in Africa. Download Full PDF Package. Belay Zerga. Agroforestry homegardens in Ethiopia: rural livelihoods in transition Abstract . More 57% of rural households. Evidence from Ghana 26 5.1.1 Implications on rural populations in Brong-Ahafo region 27 5.1.2 Implications of rural populations in Ashanti region 30 5.1.3 Implications on rural populations in … Using a matching technique on rural household income, saving, agricultural input expenditure and asset accumulation as indicator variables, this paper evaluates the livelihood impact of agricultural cooperatives in Sidama zone, Ethiopia. Livelihood diversification is commonly accepted as the promising strategy to escape from such type of shocks and to transform the rural economy. OUR APPROACH Save the Children’s food security and livelihood programmes target pastoral and inadequate moisture areas of Ethiopia, where levels of child malnutrition and food insecurity are high. 5 To my late Brother Tamerat Mamo Dedication . Methods 2.1 Study design 2.2 Study area 2.3 Data collection 2.4 Sampling method and sample sizes 2.5 Data analysis 3. Ethiopia).4 Dercon’s project is twofold: to demonstrate reductions in income poverty in rural Ethiopia, and then to attribute this to economic reforms. Rural Livelihood, Migration, and Human Capital Formation: The Ethiopian Case Dissertation zur Erlangung des wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen Doktorgrades der Wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Universität Göttingen vorgelegt von Seid Nuru Ali aus Wollo, Äthiopien Göttingen 2007 . Introduction 2. Contribution of Parkland Agroforestry Practices to the Rural Community Livelihood and Its Management in Southern Ethiopia. Unemployment and Rural-Urban Migration in Ethiopia Pierre Boulanger1, Hasan Dudu 1,2, Emanuele Ferrari , Kidanemariam Hailu3, Alfredo Mainar1, Mohammed Mohammed 2, Alekaw Yeshineh Almost 80% of the Ethiopian population is living in rural areas (Central Statistics Agency, 2017). 2 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The contents of this document are derived mainly from “Ethiopia’s Agriculture Sector Policy and Investment Framework: Ten Year Road Map (2010-2020)1” dated August 5th 2010; … and lack of education are the major causes of food insecurity in rural Ethiopia. PJ PALGO JOURNAL OF … I. Box 231, Mekelle, Ethiopia ine youth livelihood choices in rural Ethiopia using primary data collected in 2013 with supplementary data from a related survey of the same households in 2007. 8, No. Rural livelihoods is a key area for understanding how gender operates in limiting or expanding men and women’s access, options and choices regarding the use of resources and their material conditions, and ultimately their ability to voice concerns and influence their positions in life. In rural communities where access to income is limited, small- scale beekeeping can contribute significantly to livelihood security. The finding shows that cooperatives improved the livelihoods of service user farmers through impacting better income, more savings and reduced input costs. Humanities and Social Sciences. 4.2.2 The scale of land grabbing in Ethiopia 24 5. Keywords: Socio-economic, factors, rural dwellers, livelihood activities, southeast Nigeria. Due to the unstable and meagre agricultural context of the study area, farm income alone could not feed the ever increasing population. This paper. 6 . Muluneh Abshare. A typical African rural area may not be the same as in a country like the United States of America or other developing countries. The country has pursued a “developmental state” model, with high levels of public investment. Vol. of rural people's livelihoods. READ PAPER. Ample studies conducted about livelihood diversification in rural Ethiopia were limited to determinants and measuring its extent rather than investigating how it influences other equally important welfare outcomes like food security. About 40-75% of the world’s agricultural land’s productivity is reduced due to land degradation (Baylis et al., 2012; UNCCD, 2013). P .O Box 2003, Adis Ababa, Ethiopia Eucalyptus has become one of the most important livelihood sources for rural households. RAP Resettlement Action Plan RLF Rural Livelihood Fund RPCUs Regional Project Coordination Units RPF Resettlement Policy Framework RTC Technical Committee RUSACOO Rural Saving and Credit Cooperatives SA Social Assessment SLM Sustainable Land Management SNNPR Southern Nations and Nationalities People Region WSC Woreda Steering Committee . iii Bio-Based Energy, Rural Livelihoods and Energy Security in Ethiopia Abstract Energy consumption in Ethiopia is based mainly (90%) on the traditional use of biomass for domesti Contribution Of Eucalyptus Tree Farming For Rural Livelihood In Eza Wereda, Ethiopia. African … 5 Executive Summary The “Lowland Livelihood … Contribution Of Eucalyptus Tree Farming For Rural Livelihood In Eza Wereda, Ethiopia . Ethiopian households susceptible to negative coping mechanisms, which are exacerbated by the recurrence of severe natural disasters.! in Ethiopia. Results 3.1 Rainfall patterns preceding and during the drought in 2007/8 3.2 … Contents Summary 1. FEDERAL DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF ETHIOPIA MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT ETHIOPIA’S AGRICULTURAL SECTOR POLICY AND INVESTMENT FRAMEWORK (PIF) 2010-2020 DRAFT FINAL REPORT 15 SEPTEMBER 2010 . The coping strategies pursued by rural households in rural Ethiopia include minimizing number and quantity of meals in a day, diversifying livelihood income sources, migration, and wage labor. Rather than just a ‘hobby’, beekeeping may be seen as an important occupation and part of rural life worldwide. Apiculture and related trades tends to be underplayed in both policy and planning. of rural livelihoods. Download. Ninety-four percent of households use unimproved sanitation—9% use a shared facility, 53% use an unimproved facility, and 32% have no facility. Ethiopia . economies in sub-Saharan Africa. Pursued a “ developmental state ” model, with high levels of public investment and NTFP use notably! 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