Some liberation theologians base their social action upon the Biblical description of the mission of Jesus Christ as bringing a sword (social unrest), e.g., Isaiah 61:1, Matthew 10:34, Luke 22:35–38 – and not as bringing peace (social order). 3. Olson’s summary statements may go even deeper than these eight themes: The ways in which liberation theology represents a paradigm shift in theology should be obvious. Francis commented that "Today we old people laugh about how worried we were about liberation theology. Black theology seeks to liberate people of color from multiple forms of political, social, economic, and religious subjugation and views Christian theology as a theology of liberation – "a rational study of the being of God in the world in light of the existential situation of an oppressed community, relating the forces of liberation to the essence of the Gospel, which is Jesus Christ," writes James Hal Cone, one of the original advocates of the perspective.  Liberation theology also played a key role in the 1980 Nicaraguan Literacy Campaign (Spanish: Cruzada nacional de alfabetización) with thousands of Catholic youth and priests leading efforts to end illiteracy among the Nicaraguan poor. He was influenced by an existing socialist current in the Church which included organizations such as the Catholic Worker Movement and the Jeunesse Ouvrière Chrétienne, a Belgian Christian youth worker organization. Of course, the moment someone mentions ‘revolution’ people get nervous about violence. , Liberation theology could be interpreted as an attempt to return to the gospel of the early church where Christianity is politically and culturally decentralized.. , After the Second Vatican Council, CELAM held two conferences which were important in determining the future of liberation theology: the first was held in Medellín, Colombia, in 1968, and the second in Puebla, Mexico, in January 1979.  He subsequently stated that no one could be neutral in the face of injustice, and referred to the "crimes" of colonialism and the "scandal" of the arms race. Bulletin of Latin American Research 4, no. In so doing, it explores the relationship between Christian theology (especially Roman Catholic) and political activism, especially in relation to economic justice, poverty, and human rights. This web site presents Liberation Theology/Theologies as efforts to think clearly about the meaning of religious faith and action in the context of oppression, war, poverty, inequality and …  Like the Marxist foundations of the FSLN, liberation theologians viewed history through an eschatological lens, meaning that historical evolution was oriented towards a final destiny. Faced with a severe priest shortage, much of the Brazilian Catholic Church is organized into basic ecclesial communities (CEB) in which the Mass, community spirituality programs, and community needs are led or addressed by a single clergy member or a trained lay member in either a small chapel or an individual's home. So far, anyway, they pointed out, it had not done much for African Americans, women and people of the Global South (what was then called the Third World)[in The Journey of Modern Theology, 504]. Knowledge is tied inextricably with oppressed consciousness and the struggle for liberation. Liberation theology was a radical movement that grew up in South America. This emphasis, evident in accounts from Nicaraguan citizens who claimed that the Sandinista revolution made them feel like "architects of their liberation," attracted masses of Nicaraguan Catholics to join the FSLN. Also, send me the Evangelical Newsletter. An example of progressive social change initiated by the CEBs is in Nova Iguaçu. , The Brazilian Catholic Church, in the world's largest Catholic country, is arguably one of the most theologically progressive Catholic congregations, due in large part to a history of violent military and political conflicts as well as a divisive socioeconomic climate. Voices 40 (2017) 2, November-December, 304 pp., ISSN: 2222-0763, Dean Peter Krogh Foreign Affairs Digital Archives, BBC Religion and Ethics theological obituary of Pope John Paul II: his views on liberation theology, Centre for Liberation Theologies, Faculty of Theology, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium, Papal suspension against Miguel d'Escoto is lifted, Political influence of Evangelicalism in Latin America, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Liberation_theology&oldid=1000588830, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Articles to be expanded from December 2020, Articles needing additional references from October 2014, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 January 2021, at 19:45. , send me the Evangelical Newsletter and special offers 's Word reaches us in the of... 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