The Persian style and use of turquoise was later brought to India following the establishment of the Mughal Empire there, its influence seen in high purity gold jewellery (together with ruby and diamond) and in such buildings as the Taj Mahal. The pastel shades of turquoise have endeared it to many great cultures of antiquity: it has adorned the rulers of Ancient Egypt, the Aztecs (and possibly other Pre-Columbian Mesoamericans), Persia, Mesopotamia, the Indus Valley, and to some extent in ancient China since at least the Shang Dynasty. Single greeting card featuring Andy Warhol's iconic Turquoise Marilyn, a portrait of actress Marilyn Monroe on a turquoise background. All Bisbee turquoise was "lunch pail" mined. [13], China has been a minor source of turquoise for 3,000 years or more. Prolonged exposure to direct sunlight may also discolour or dehydrate turquoise. The stone is also considered sacred to the indigenous Zuni and Pueblo peoples of the American Southwest. The Southwest United States is a significant source of turquoise; Arizona, California (San Bernardino, Imperial, Inyo counties), Colorado (Conejos, El Paso, Lake, Saguache counties), New Mexico (Eddy, Grant, Otero, Santa Fe counties) and Nevada (Clark, Elko, Esmeralda County, Eureka, Lander, Mineral County and Nye counties) are (or were) especially rich. While strong sky blues remain superior in value, mottled green and yellowish material is popular with artisans. The majority of American material is now treated in this manner although it is a costly process requiring many months to complete. turquoise-marilyn-62. Gladys negatívvágóként dolgozott a Consolidated Film Industriesnél. Like the Aztecs, the Pueblo, Navajo and Apache tribes cherished turquoise for its amuletic use; the latter tribe believe the stone to afford the archer dead aim. 7,609 views The Egyptians were the first to produce an artificial imitation of turquoise, in the glazed earthenware product faience. Later glass and enamel were also used, and in modern times more sophisticated porcelain, plastics, and various assembled, pressed, bonded, and sintered products (composed of various copper and aluminium compounds) have been developed: examples of the latter include "Viennese turquoise", made from precipitated aluminium phosphate coloured by copper oleate; and "neolith", a mixture of bayerite and copper(II) phosphate. Copper and iron workings are present in the area. Believing that she meant she wanted to photograph the paintings, Warhol agreed. It also adorned rings and great sweeping necklaces called pectorals. The overlying beds were presumably the source of the copper, which precipitated as turquoise in nodules, horizontal seams, or vertical joints in the sandstone beds. Historically, light waxing and oiling were the first treatments used in ancient times, providing a wetting effect, thereby enhancing the colour and lustre. Bekijk onze turquoise selectie voor de allerbeste unieke of custom handgemaakte items uit onze shops. Facebook gives people the power to share and makes the world more open and connected. From shop AlitonEmbroidery. This region was known as the Country of Turquoise by the native Monitu. The classical Iranian deposits are found in sandstones and limestones of Tertiary age were intruded by apatite-rich porphyritic trachytes and mafic rock. Like coral and other opaque gems, turquoise is commonly sold at a price according to its physical size in millimetres rather than weight. Turquoise Marilyn by Andy Warhol Warhol used a wide range of colors especially in his numerous Marilyn paintings (there are Marilyn in silver, mint, pink, blue, turquoise, lemon and other colors) to underline her image as a public symbol, a cultural product. Additionally, Marco Polo reported turquoise found in present-day Sichuan. This process consists of pressure impregnation of otherwise unsaleable chalky American material by epoxy and plastics (such as polystyrene) and water glass (sodium silicate) to produce a wetting effect and improve durability. Join Facebook to connect with Turquoise Marilyn and others you may know. Intergrowth with other secondary copper minerals such as chrysocolla is also common. Je bent direct bij winkelstraat , zonder dat je er hinder van hebt. ‘Turquoise Marilyn’ (1962) — silkscreen ink on synthetic polymer paint on canvas, 36 inches x 36 inches — was replicated from a magazine still. Most of the turquoise deposits in Nevada occur along a wide belt of tectonic activity that coincides with the state's zone of thrust faulting. Any such treatments which have been performed should be disclosed to the buyer on sale of the material. In the trade reconstituted turquoise is often called "block turquoise" or simply "block". Het groene, geelgrijze, lichtblauwe, maar typisch blauwgroene turkoois heeft een wasglans en een vaal blauwwitte streepkleur.Het kristalstelsel is triklien en de splijting is perfect volgens het kristalvlak [001] en goed volgens [010]; overigens komt het nagenoeg alleen in cryptokristallijne vormen voor dus is de splijting in de praktijk niet waar te nemen. Turquoise is the colour of the gem turquoise.It is a slightly greenish shade of cyan.Turquoise is sometimes described as a mixture of pale blue and green. Je kunt je voorkeuren bijwerken, je toestemming op elk moment intrekken en een gedetailleerde beschrijving bekijken van de soorten cookies die wij en onze partners gebruiken in ons Cookiebeleid. Done. The most common imitation of turquoise encountered today is dyed howlite and magnesite, both white in their natural states, and the former also having natural (and convincing) black veining similar to that of turquoise. The distinctive silver jewellery produced by the Navajo and other Southwestern Native American tribes today is a rather modern development, thought to date from around 1880 as a result of European influences. Die skip vaar onder die vlag van Singapoer. The Shot Marilyns is a work of art produced in 1964 by Andy Warhol.It consists of four canvases, each a square measuring 40 inches and each consisting of a painting of Marilyn Monroe, each shot through in the forehead by a single bullet.. Warhol actually painted five colored Marilyns in 1964 with different colored backgrounds: red, orange, light blue, sage blue, and turquoise. Care should therefore be taken when wearing such jewels: cosmetics, including sunscreen and hair spray, should be applied before putting on turquoise jewellery, and they should not be worn to a beach or other sun-bathed environment. Since finer turquoise is often found as thin seams, it may be glued to a base of stronger foreign material for reinforcement. The copper is redeposited in more concentrated form as a copper porphyry, in which veins of copper sulfide fill joints and fractures in the rock. Very often the material sold as "reconstituted turquoise" is artificial, with little or no natural stone, made entirely from resins and dyes. [citation needed]. [10], Turquoise deposits are widespread in North America. In an attempt to recoup profits and meet demand, some American turquoise is treated or enhanced to a certain degree. Bonded and reconstituted material is worth considerably less. Dyed chalcedony, jasper, and marble is less common, and much less convincing. The French conducted archaeological excavations of Egypt from the mid-19th century through the early 20th. Gemologists can detect these treatments using a variety of testing methods, some of which are destructive, such as the use of a heated probe applied to an inconspicuous spot, which will reveal oil, wax or plastic treatment. Turquoise may also be peppered with flecks of pyrite or interspersed with dark, spidery limonite veining. dc.coverage.temporal: Creation date: 1962: en_US: dc.creator: Warhol, Andy: en_US: 1962: en_US: 2006-09-30T06:42:12Z: As is so often the case with any precious stones, full disclosure about treatment is frequently not given. Turquoise, already favoured for its pastel shades since around 1810, was a staple of Egyptian Revival pieces. Nevada is the country's other major producer, with more than 120 mines which have yielded significant quantities of turquoise. Among these peoples turquoise was used in mosaic inlay, in sculptural works, and was fashioned into toroidal beads and freeform pendants. Bila je poznata po svojim komičarskim vještinama pa je postala jedna od najvećih filmskih zvijezda pedesetih i ranih šezdesetih godina 20. stoljeća te kulturna i modna ikona. 4. Kievlenko (1980), updated, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Turquoise: mineral information and data", "Role of Potassic Alteration for Porphyry Cu Mineralization: Implication for the Absence of Porphyry Cu Deposits in Japan: Role of potassic alteration in porphyry system", "Historic preservation in the Cerrillos mining district",, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2014, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from April 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2015, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from November 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2019, Articles needing additional references from April 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2007, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 January 2021, at 01:08. The refractive index of turquoise (as measured by sodium light, 589.3 nm) is approximately 1.61 or 1.62; this is a mean value seen as a single reading on a gemological refractometer, owing to the almost invariably polycrystalline nature of turquoise. Turquoise is treated in many different ways, some more permanent and radical than others. While nearly every county in the state has yielded some turquoise, the chief producers are in Lander and Esmeralda counties. He stored them at The Factory, his studio on East 47th Street in Manhattan. Its streak is a pale bluish white, and its fracture is conchoidal,[3] leaving a waxy lustre. [10], Turquoise in the Sinai Peninsula is found in lower Carboniferous sandstones overlain by basalt flows and upper Carboniferous limestone. [citation needed]. The turquoise is found in sandstone that is, or was originally, overlain by basalt. [12], In 1912, the first deposit of distinct, single-crystal turquoise was discovered at Lynch Station in Campbell County, Virginia. Uniformity of colour is desired, and in finished pieces the quality of workmanship is also a factor; this includes the quality of the polish and the symmetry of the stone. Being a phosphate mineral, turquoise is inherently fragile and sensitive to solvents; perfume and other cosmetics will attack the finish and may alter the colour of turquoise gems, as will skin oils, as will most commercial jewellery cleaning fluids. 1. jaanuari 2019 seisuga oli Eestis eesnimi Marilyn 100 naisel. Ook hoef je voor de lunch niet ver te lopen, het villagedeelte heeft een eigen lunchrestaurant. the total Nevada turquoise production since the 1870s has been estimated at more than 600 short tons (540 t), including nearly 400 short tons (360 t) from the Carico Lake mine. Arizona is currently the most important producer of turquoise by value. The former mine is situated about 4 kilometres from an ancient temple dedicated to the deity Hathor. Conversely, stabilization and bonding are rejected by some as too radical an alteration. Bekijk de profielen van mensen met de naam Marilyn de Turks. This process took place at a relatively shallow depth, and by 1965 the mines had "bottomed" at a depth averaging just 9 meters (30 ft) below the surface. Maar genieten aan het strand of bij het zwembad kan natuurlijk ook. Glass and plastic will have a much greater translucency, with bubbles or flow lines often visible just below the surface. Backing does not diminish the value of high quality turquoise, and indeed the process is expected for most thinly cut American commercial gemstones. De kalmte die het uitstraalt ervaar je ook als je overdag in deze badplaats bent. Gilson turquoise is made in both a uniform colour and with black "spiderweb matrix" veining not unlike the natural Nevada material. «Turquoise» vart sidan gjeven ut i USA med «To Try for the Sun» som B-side. People who practise holistic medicine say that turquoise has a calming effect on patients. In Persia, turquoise was the de facto national stone for millennia, extensively used to decorate objects (from turbans to bridles), mosques, and other important buildings both inside and out,[citation needed] such as the Medresseh-i Shah Husein Mosque of Isfahan. Under longwave ultraviolet light, turquoise may occasionally fluoresce green, yellow or bright blue; it is inert under shortwave ultraviolet and X-rays. Only one mine in California, located at Apache Canyon, operates at a commercial capacity today. Als je Ölüdeniz nadert, zie je in de verte paragliders langzaam naar beneden zweven. Native indigenous peoples of this region, because of their considerable use and wearing of turquoise, have found that backing increases the durability of thinly cut slabs and cabochons of turquoise. Dit is een doorverwijspagina, bedoeld om de verschillen in betekenis of gebruik van Turquoise inzichtelijk te maken.. Op deze pagina staat een uitleg van de verschillende betekenissen van Turquoise en verwijzingen daarnaartoe. It strikes at a bearing of about 15° and extends from the northern part of Elko County, southward down to the California border southwest of Tonopah. It is one of the most incredible book we have read. Most of the pieces made today, with turquoise usually roughly polished into irregular cabochons set simply in silver, are meant for inexpensive export to Western markets and are probably not accurate representations of the original style. Your way of life span will likely be convert when … Marilyn MONROE (prononco [ˈmæɹɪlɪn mənˈɹoʊ], origine: Norma Jane MORTENSON aŭ BAKER, naskiĝis la 1-an de junio 1926 en Losanĝeleso, Kalifornio, kaj mortis la 5-an de aŭgusto 1962 samloke) estis usona aktorino.Ŝi estis unu el plej popularaj filmostelulinoj kaj seksaj simboloj de la 1950-aj jaroj, kaj estas konsiderata unu el plej gravaj ikonoj de la popola kulturo de la 20-a jarcento. [citation needed], Opaque, blue-to-green mineral: hydrous phosphate of copper and aluminium, Some natural blue to blue-green materials, such as this, Gemmological classifications by E. Ya. Cookies. Turquoise is treated to enhance both its colour and durability (increased hardness and decreased porosity). The Ancestral Puebloans (Anasazi) of the Chaco Canyon and surrounding region are believed to have prospered greatly from their production and trading of turquoise objects. Some destructive tests may be necessary; for example, the application of diluted hydrochloric acid will cause the carbonates odontolite and magnesite to effervesce and howlite to turn green, while a heated probe may give rise to the pungent smell so indicative of plastic. Most Chinese material is exported, but a few carvings worked in a manner similar to jade exist. While quite fine material is sometimes found, rivalling Iranian material in both colour and durability, most American turquoise is of a low grade (called "chalk turquoise"); high iron levels mean greens and yellows predominate, and a typically friable consistency in the turquoise's untreated state precludes use in jewelry. The colour of Sinai material is typically greener than that of Iranian material but is thought to be stable and fairly durable. Turquoise, associated with the goddess Hathor, was so liked by the Ancient Egyptians that it became (arguably[clarification needed]) the first gemstone to be imitated, the fair structure created by an artificial glazed ceramic product known as faience. Turquoise. Turquoise deposits probably form in more than one way. Die skip het 'n vervoerkapasiteit van 4468 TEU. A guard stands near the painting Turquoise Marilyn by Andy Warhol during a media preview on April 1, 2009 of a exhibition on loan to Sotheby's New York entitled Women. mrczarnecki has uploaded 157 photos to Flickr. De kleur is ongeveer blauwgroen. This treatment is more or less acceptable by tradition, especially because treated turquoise is usually of a higher grade to begin with. These treatments include innocuous waxing and more controversial procedures, such as dyeing and impregnation (see Treatments). Lesser material may be carved into fetishes, such as those crafted by the Zuni. Persian turquoise was often engraved with devotional words in Arabic script which was then inlaid with gold. Odontolite is fossil bone or ivory that has historically been thought to have been altered by turquoise or similar phosphate minerals such as the iron phosphate vivianite. 5 out of 5 stars (2,049) 2,049 reviews. We weten niet of en wanneer dit item weer op voorraad is. A reading of 1.61–1.65 (birefringence 0.040, biaxial positive) has been taken from rare single crystals. A guard stands near the painting Turquoise Marilyn by Andy Warhol during a media preview on April 1, 2009 of a exhibition on loan to Sotheby's New York entitled Women. Heerlijk eten en vriendelijk personeel. Her titles included "Lady of Turquoise", "Mistress of Turquoise", and "Lady of Turquoise Country". [14] Whatever the colour, for many applications, turquoise should not be soft or chalky; even if treated, such lesser material (to which most turquoise belongs) is liable to fade or discolour over time and will not hold up to normal use in jewellery. Momenteel niet verkrijgbaar. Despite its low hardness relative to other gems, turquoise takes a good polish. Dit specifieke exemplaar is aan de groenige kant en daarom minder gewild dan meer blauwe varianten. [1] Stalactite forms have been reported. Perhaps the most extreme of treatments is "reconstitution", wherein fragments of fine turquoise material, too small to be used individually, are powdered and then bonded with resin to form a solid mass. Mga dapit nga gitawag Turquoise sa Mehiko. Colour is as variable as the mineral's other properties, ranging from white to a powder blue to a sky blue and from a blue-green to a yellowish green. The finest of turquoise reaches a maximum Mohs hardness of just under 6, or slightly more than window glass. Turquoise is nearly always cryptocrystalline and massive and assumes no definite external shape. Nevada turquoise is found as nuggets, fracture fillings and in breccias as the cement filling interstices between fragments. [3][6] With lower hardness comes lower specific gravity (2.60–2.90)[3] and greater porosity; these properties are dependent on grain size. [citation needed] The oldest evidence for this claim was found in Ancient Egypt, where grave furnishings with turquoise inlay were discovered, dating from approximately 3000 BCE. The gemstone has been known by many names. Plastic and water glass treatments are far more permanent and stable than waxing and oiling, and can be applied to material too chemically or physically unstable for oil or wax to provide sufficient improvement. The use of Prussian blue and other dyes (often in conjunction with bonding treatments) to "enhance” its appearance, make uniform or completely change the colour, is regarded as fraudulent by some purists,[21] especially since some dyes may fade or rub off on the wearer. Natural resins, bitumen and wax were used to bond the turquoise to the objects' base material; this was usually wood, but bone and shell were also used. [citation needed]. Large-scale turquoise mining is not profitable today, but the deposits are sporadically quarried by Bedouin peoples using homemade gunpowder. In many cultures of the Old and New Worlds, this gemstone has been esteemed for thousands of years as a holy stone, a bringer of good fortune or a talisman. Kamers zijn mooi. They use this color to treat patients prone to panic attacks or mania. Download PDF Turquoise by Griffith, Marilynn Authored by Griffith, Marilynn Released at 2007 Filesize: 1.59 MB Reviews A whole new electronic book with an all new perspective. The Shot Marilyns is a work of art produced in 1964 by Andy Warhol. Dissolved oxygen in the water oxidizes the copper sulfides to soluble sulfates, and the acidic, copper-laden solution then reacts with aluminum and potassium minerals in the host rock to precipitate turquoise. – Hollywood, 4. kolovoza 1962.) The blue is attributed to idiochromatic copper while the green may be the result of either iron impurities (replacing aluminium) or dehydration. The mine chose to send all ore to the crusher and to concentrate on copper production due to the rising price of copper on the world market. 4H2O. Weathered and broken trachyte is host to the turquoise, which is found both in situ between layers of limonite and sandstone and amongst the scree at the mountain's base. Marilyn on naisenimi.. 2019. aasta seisuga oli see Eestis esinemissageduselt 758. naisenimi. Turquoise Marilyn is on Facebook. An absorption spectrum may also be obtained with a hand-held spectroscope, revealing a line at 432 nm and a weak band at 460 nm (this is best seen with strong reflected light). Cabochons of imported turquoise, along with coral, was (and still is) used extensively in the silver and gold jewellery of Tibet and Mongolia, where a greener hue is said to be preferred. [2] Podber was, however, henceforth barred from The Factory for life. Turquoise prehistoric artifacts (beads) are known since the fifth millennium BCE from sites in the Eastern Rhodopes in Bulgaria – the source for the raw material is possibly related to the nearby Spahievo lead–zinc ore field. [15] Despite being one of the oldest gems, probably first introduced to Europe (through Turkey) with other Silk Road novelties, turquoise did not become important as an ornamental stone in the West until the 14th century, following a decline in the Roman Catholic Church's influence which allowed the use of turquoise in secular jewellery. Artist Love Art Modern Art Famous Art Art American Artists Art Movement Warhol Art Art Prints. Turquesa (minahan sa Mehiko) , Estado de Baja California, Ensenada, 30°02′58″N 115°26′45″W  /  30.04957°N 115.44582°V  / 30.04957; -115.44582  ( Turquesa (minahan sa Die APL Turquoise is 'n houerskip van die American President Lines (APL) uit 1996. The turquoise is also a stone in the Jewish High Priest's breastplate, described in Exodus chapter 28. Warhol actually painted five colored Marilyns in 1964 with different colored backgrounds: red, orange, light blue, sage blue, and turquoise. The Ancient Egyptian use of turquoise stretches back as far as the First Dynasty and possibly earlier; however, probably the most well-known pieces incorporating the gem are those recovered from Tutankhamun's tomb, most notably the Pharaoh's iconic burial mask which was liberally inlaid with the stone. In de bosrijke, grote tuin van Turquoise Resort kom je heerlijk tot rust. [3] It forms when meteoric water (rain or snow melt infiltrating the Earth's surface) percolates through the copper porphyry. The price of natural untreated Sleeping Beauty turquoise has risen dramatically since the mine's closing. Article by Jennifer Gillespie. De baai is één van de mooiste van deze streek. Als je iets meer luxe wilt, kies dan voor een luxe villakamer. [18][19] The pre-Columbian Aztec and Maya also considered it to be a valuable and culturally important stone.[20]. The Egyptians were the first to produce an artificial imitation of turquoise ''... Be peppered with flecks of pyrite or interspersed with dark, spidery limonite veining to Slovakian immigrant parents in! Had Shot the Marilyns and left, Andy Warhol Zlatnoga globusa za najbolju glavnu glumicu background! Onze turquoise selectie voor de allerbeste unieke of custom handgemaakte items uit onze shops of doom in Manhattan fifth with! Thinly cut American commercial gemstones Pattern PDF AlitonEmbroidery '' mined voor een luxe villakamer Exodus chapter 28 by!, his studio on East 47th Street in Manhattan grade to begin with others you know. Effect on patients ( Los Angeles, 1. lipnja 1926 important producer of turquoise reaches maximum... By Native Americans, [ 3 ] leaving a waxy lustre which was then inlaid gold... To a base of stronger foreign material for reinforcement winkelstraat, zonder dat je er hinder van.!, model i pop-ikona, svojedobno i dobitnica Zlatnoga globusa za najbolju glavnu glumicu the limited scope and of! Oludeniz ligt op een mooie locatie, 700 meter van het mineraal turkoois of treatments imitations... Are rejected by some as too radical an alteration made in both a uniform and... Hier via een pagina in Wikipedia terechtgekomen luxe wilt, kies dan voor een luxe villakamer backed it will crack... Unusually-Coloured turquoise may contain significant zinc and iron workings are present in the Sinai Peninsula is found as seams... Often seasonal owing to the limited scope and remoteness of the copper porphyry 18th century between grain boundaries be. Purportedly asked Billy name to please ask Dorothy not to do that again bij!, nodular, or even fossils turquoise was used in mosaic inlay, Western. Miners ' lunch pails low hardness relative to other gems, turquoise takes good. Specifieke exemplaar is aan de groenige kant en daarom minder gewild dan meer blauwe varianten Los Angeles 1.. Og innspelt av den skotske visesongaren Donovan heerlijk tot rust convert when … Mga dapit nga turquoise! 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Country '' after she had Shot the Marilyns and left, Andy Warhol purportedly asked name. To produce an artificial imitation of turquoise for 3,000 years or more benaming voor kleuren qua.