It is a wonder that people during the times of Harappan Civilization knew so much about technology. [26] Animal worship is also evidenced, but not the worship of the Mother Goddess that is evidenced in other Harappan cities—experts consider this a sign of the existence of diversity in religious traditions. It was first excavated in 1957 by S R Rao. Workers mixed tin with copper for the manufacture of celts, arrowheads, fishhooks, chisels, bangles, rings, drills, and spearheads, although weapon manufacturing was minor. The basin is enclosed by a wall of burnt bricks. It is a wonder that people during the times of Harappan Civilization knew so much about technology. [2] Discovered in 1954, Lothal was excavated from 13 February 1955 to 19 May 1960 by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), the official Indian government agency for the preservation of ancient monuments. Dock and city peripheral walls were maintained efficiently. In 1942, timber was shipped from Broach to Saragwala via the mound. The bricks on the lower level of walls are older one. By the side of the site lies a well that had bricks in isosceles trapezoid shape instead of the usual rectangle so that they come together and form a circle easily. A thick ring-like shell object found with four slits each in two margins served as a compass to measure angles on plane surfaces such as housing alignments, roads or land surveys. A silted creek connecting modern Bholad with Lothal and S… It is situated at the eastern side of the city. The street maintained a uniform width and did not undergo encroachment during the reconstructive periods after deluges. On these brick platforms, the wooden structure was built to provide shelter. It is also connected by all-weather roads to the cities of Ahmedabad (85 km/53 mi), Bhavnagar, Rajkot and Dholka. [24], For their renowned draining system, Lothal engineers provided corbelled roofs, and an apron of kiln-fired bricks over the brick face of the platform where the sewerage entered the cesspool. It also produced large quantities of bronze celts, fish-hooks, chisels, spears and ornaments. Throughout their time, the city had to brace itself through multiple floods and storms. Many sites were discovered across northwestern India. This was only town in Harappan civilization is having A dockyard. The warehouse was located close to the acropolis, to allow tight supervision by ruling authorities. The notable structures at Lothal include a dockyard, warehouse, workshop for manufacturing of stone beads, evidence of shell working, rice husk and a cemetery. Trivia: Lothal’s dockyard is the earliest known dockyard in the world. [42] Central to the city's economy, the warehouse was originally built on sixty-four cubical blocks, 3.6 metres (12 feet) square, with 1.2-metre (3.9-foot) passages, and based on a 3.5-metre-high (11.5 ft) mud-brick podium. I couldn’t visit the museum. Kitchen area. During our visit one snake mostly non poisonous passed by some 10 feet into grass. Civil servant, history heritage lover, Traveler, photography enthusiast, doctor-village boy, $piritual humanism, [22] Lothal contributes one of three measurement scales that are integrated and linear (others found in Harappa and Mohenjodaro). Harappa Town Planning" (published in "Uttar Pradesh" in November 1961). Aikoinaan siellä lienee asunut noin 2 500 ihmistä viiden hehtaarin alalla. After crossing through this High town, on bit lower side, you will find the furnace and Commercial places. The flood-damaged peripheral wall of mud-bricks is visible near the warehouse area. People in villages neighbouring to Lothal had known of the presence of an ancient town and human remains. Change ). Heavy rain in the region has damaged the remains of the sun-dried mud brick constructions. [14], The ASI has covered the peripheral walls, the wharf and many houses of the early phase with earth to protect from natural phenomena, but the entire archaeological site is nevertheless facing grave concerns about necessary preservation. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. It was flourished during 2400 BC To 1700 BC. While the consensus view amongst archaeologists identifies this structure as a "dockyard," it has also been suggested that owing to small dimensions, this basin may have been an irrigation tank and canal. Due to Excess water from sea in those years Arabic sea And the two rivers Sabarmati and Bhagava used to exist at the same place. One fine day, we planned to visit one of the oldest and most famous places of Harappan civilization. [38] The realistic portrayal of human beings and animals suggests a careful study of anatomical and natural features. The grass and the trees are full of chirping colorful birds. While the trade and resources of the city were almost entirely gone, the people retained several Harappan ways in writing, pottery, and utensils. Dockyard Imaginary view of Lothal Town. Components of stringed musical instruments like the plectrum and the bridge were made of shell. People in villages neighbouring to Lothal had known of the presence of an ancient town and human remains. Most of their equipment: metal tools, weights, measures, seals, earthenware and ornaments were of the uniform standard and quality found across the Indus civilization. Pot furnace. The absence of standing high walls is attributed to erosion and brick robbery. [45], The original height of the embankments was 4.26 metres (14.0 feet). In the same tank there are three different stones with holes. While the consensus view amongst archaeologists identifies this structure as a "dockyard," it has also been suggested that owing to small dimensions, this basin may have been an irrigation tank and canal. ( Log Out /  Lothal, the dockyard site of the Indus Valley Civilization, is situated in : (A) Gujarat (B) Punjab (C) Pakistan (D) Haryana. People in villages neighbouring to Lothal had known of the presence of an ancient town and human remains. It lies in a level plain between the Bho- A great story about lothal – a city of dead, Read about the things to do in india for a perfect travel experience. Lothal made great advance in science. When we reached there, it was around 4:30. Municipal administration was strict – the width of most streets remained the same over a long time, and no encroached structures were built. From Dockyard side we walk down towards the highest point in the area. The four sides of the rectangular platform on which houses were built are formed by mud-brick structures of 12.2–24.4 metres (40–80 ft) thickness and 2.1–3.6 metres (6.9–11.8 ft) high. The Archaeological Survey of India undertook a new program of exploration, and excavation. The remnants of raw materials such as reed, cow dung, sawdust, and agate are found, giving archaeologists hints of how the kiln was operated. C'était alors un port important de la civilisation de la vallée de l'Indus, probablement le plus au sud de ses avant-postes1. The meaning of Lothal (a combination of Loth and (s) thal) in Gujarati to be “the mound of the dead” is not unusual, as the name of the city of Mohenjo-daro in Sindhi means the same. Such dockyard, warehouses, etc. This is a main lower town area. Lothal was a vital and thriving trade centre in ancient times, with its trade of beads, gems and valuable ornaments reaching the far corners of West Asia and Africa. The pavements were lime-plastered and edges were wainscoted (wooden panels) by thin walls. Civil servant, history heritage lover, Traveler, photography enthusiast, doctor-village boy, $piritual humanism. (Now it is 3.35 metres or 11.0 feet.) Explain. The citizens did not undertake encroachments, and rebuilt public baths. City – the width of most streets remained the same tank there are of. Of soil made the land inhospitable to life, including crops town of Lothal is located in the cesspool Archaeological. And excavation smatra se najvažnijim indijskim arheološkim nalazištem iz tog doba rulers and were! As a UNESCO world heritage site, and inspection chambers for solid waste kilometers ( 420 miles ) Mohenjo-daro! Had known of the building, view more posts where some of the city an... Using your Facebook account Larkana valley or from Bijapur in modern Karnataka producing beads of different shape and material.... 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